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Central Coast Group

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Plant List for the Central Coast

   Table of Contents

      * Click on the heading of your choice or just scroll down

  1. Flora of Sandstone Heath and Woodlands
  2. Coastal Woodland Heaths
  3. Central Coast Rainforest
  4. Rocky Creeks
  5. Swamps
  6. Coastal Forests
  7. Waterfronts
  8. Foreshores of Brisbane Waters

N.B. Plants marked with a bright green * are of particular interest, rare and/or
      threatened species.

 

Flora of Sandstone Heath and Woodland                        

During late Winter, Bush tracks in the Sandstone country start to blaze with colour as heath plants start their early flowering, which continues through Spring.

In Brisbane Waters N.P., Girrakool, Warrah Reserve and Bouddi NP, along the coastal walks and on the Somersby Plateau, many of these can be seen flowering from early July:


Botanical Name

Acacia longifolia
Acacia decurrens
Acacia suaveolens
Boronia ledifolia
Boronia pinnata
Dillwynia floribunda
Dillwynia retorta
Doryanthes excelsa
Epacris microphylla
Epacris longiflora
Eriostemon australasius
Eriostemon buxifolius ssp obovatus
Gompholobium grandiflorum
Hibbertia bracteata
Hovea linearis
Pultenaea rosmarinifolia
Styphelia tubiflora
Woollsia pungens


Common Name

Sydney Wattle
Green Wattle
Sweet Wattle
Sydney Boronia
Pinnate Boronia
Yellow Pea
"Bacon & Eggs"
Gymea Lily
Coral Heath
Fuchsia Heath
Pink Wax Flower
Wax Flower
Golden Glory Pea
Yellow Guinea Flower
Purple Pea
Yellow Pea
Red Five-Corners
Snow Wreath


At any other times of the year, bush tracks can still reveal a wealth of interesting plants. Look for the following :

 

Trees

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Botanical Name

Angophora costata
Angophora hispida
Allocasuarina distyla
Ceratopetalum gummiferum
Corymbia eximia
Corymbia gummifera
Eucalyptus haemastoma
Eucalyptus pilularis
Eucalyptus piperita
Eucalyptus punctata
Exocarpus cupressiformis
Syncarpia glomulifera


Common Name

Sydney Red Gum
Dwarf Apple
Scrub She-Oak
Christmas Bush
Yellow Bloodwood
Red Bloodwood
Scribbly Gum
Blackbutt
Sydney Peppermint
Grey Gum
Native Cherry
Turpentine

 

Other Shrubs of Sandstone Heath & Woodlands

Botanical Name

Acacia linifolia
Acacia oxycedrus
Acacia terminalis
Acacia ulicifolia
Actinotus helianthi
Actinotus minor
Amperea xiphoclada
Astrotricha floccosa
Baeckea brevifolia
Banksia ericifolia
Banksia oblongifolia
Banksia serrata
Banksia spinulosa
Boronia anemonifolia
Boronia serrulata
Bossiaea heterophylla
Bossiaea scolopendria
Callistemon citrinus
Callistemon linearis
Comesperma ericinum
Conospermum longifolium
Dampiera stricta
Darwinia fascicularis
Darwinia glaucophylla *
Dianella longifolia
Dodonaea camfieldii *
Dodonaea triquetra
Drosera peltata
Epacris pulchella
Goodenia bellidifolia
Goodenia ovata
Grevillea buxifolia
Grevillea sericea
Grevillea speciosa
Hybanthus monopetalus
Isopogon anemonifolius
Kunzea ambigua
Kunzea capitata
Lambertia formosa
Leptospermum juniperinum
Leptospermum trinervium
Leucopogon ericoides
Leucopogon microphyllus
Lomatia silaifolia
Macrozamia communis
Mirbelia rubiifolia
Olax stricta
Patersonia sericea
Persoonia lanceolata
Persoonia levis
Petrophile pulchella
Pimelea linifolia
Platysace linearifolia
Prostanthera junonis *
Prostanthera linearis
Scaevola ramosissima
Stylidium graminifolium
Telopea speciosissima
Tetratheca species
Xanthorrhoea arborea
Xylomelum pyriforme
Zieria laevigata

 


Common Name

Flax Wattle
Spike Wattle
Sunshine Wattle
Prickly Moses
Flannel Flower
Dwarf Flannel Flower
Broom Spurge
Flannel Leaf
Heath Myrtle
Heath-leaf Banksia
Fern-leaf Banksia
Old Man Banksia
Hairpin Banksia
Sticky Boronia
Native Rose
Variable Bossiaea
Leafless Bossiaea
Crimson Bottlebrush
Narrow-leaf Bottlebrush
Heath Milkwort
Smoke Bush
~~~
~~~
(Prostrate)
Flax Lily
Camfield’s Hop Bush
Hop Bush
Sundew
N.S.W. Coral Heath
Daisy-leaf Goodenia
Hop Goodenia
Grey Spider Flower
Pink Spider Flower
Red Spider Flower
Ladies Slipper
Drum Sticks
Tick Bush
Pink Buttons
Mountain Devils
Prickly Tea-Tree
Paperbark Tea-Tree
Bearded Heath
Bearded Heath
Wild Parsley
Burrawang
Red Mirbelia
Olax
Silky Purple Flag
Lance-leaf Gee-Bung
Broad-leaf Gee-Bung
Cone Sticks
Rice Flower
Carrot Tops
Somersby Mint Bush
Narrow-leaf Mint Bush
Fan Flower
Trigger Plant
Waratah
Black Eyed Susan
Grass Tree
Woody Pear
~~~

Climbers & Twiners

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Botanical Name

Billardiera scandens
Clematis aristata
Eustrephus latifolius
Glycine clandestina
Hardenbergia violacea
Kennedia rubicunda


Common Name

Dumplings, Apple Berry
Old Man’s Beard
Wombat Berry
Love Creeper
False Sarsaparilla, Purple Twining Pea
Dusky Coral Pea

 

Sedges & Rushes

Botanical Name

Caustis flexuosa
Lomandra longifolia
Lomandra obliqua


Common Name

Curly Sedge, Old Man’s Beard
Mat Rush
Fish Bones

 

Ferns of Sandstone Heath & Woodlands

Botanical Name

Cheilanthes sieberi
Lindsaea linearis
Pteridium esculentum


Common Name

Mulga Fern
Screw Fern
Bracken Fern

 

Orchids

Botanical Name

Acianthus fornicatus
Caladenia caerulea
Caladenia catenata
Calochilus campestris
Cryptostylis subulata
Cymbidium suave
Dendrobium speciosum
Dipodium punctatum
Glossodia minor
Lyperanthus suaveolens
Pterostylis nutans
Thelymitra ixioides


Common Name

Pixie Orchid
Blue Caladenia
White Fingers
Copper Beard
Large Tongue Orchid
Sweet Cymbidium
Rock Orchid
Hyacinth Orchid
Small Wax Lip
Brown Beaks
Nodding Greenhood
Spotted Sun Orchid

 

Coastal Woodlands

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Some different species can be found along the coastal cliffs and exposed heathlands, and in the deep sandy soils behind, such as on the walks to Bombi Point in Bouddi NP, and Wybung Head in Munmorah SRA.

Botanical Name

Acacia sophorae
Acacia quadrilateralis *
Allocasuarina littoralis
Allocasuarina torulosa
Baeckea imbricata
Baeckea ramosissima
Banksia aemula
Banksia integrifolia
Boronia polygalifolia *
Callitris rhomboidea
Casuarina glauca
Cassytha pubescens
Crowea saligna
Dianella caerulea
Hakea bakerana
Hakea teretifolia
Hibbertia dentata
Indigofera australis
Leptospermum laevigatum
Oxylobium ilicifolium
Pratia purpurascens
Phebalium squamulosum
Prostanthera ovalifolia
Styphelia viridis
Viminaria juncea
Wahlenbergia communis
Westringia fruticosa

 


Common Name

Coast Wattle
~~~
Black She-Oak
Forest Oak
~~~
Rosy Heath Myrtle
Wallum Banksia
Coastal Banksia
Milkwort Boronia
Port Jackson Cypress
Swamp Oak
Devil’s Twine
~~~
~~~
~~~
Dagger Hakea
Twining Guinea Flower
Austral Indigo
Coastal Tea-Tree
Holly-leaf Pea
White Root
~~~
~~~
Green Five Corners
Native Broom
Bluebell
Coast Rosemary

 

Central Coast Rainforest

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Flora of Rainforest and Gullies; plants seen in Rumbalara Reserve, Katandra Reserve (walks around Seymour’s Pond), Ourimbah State Forest, Strickland SF, Great North Walk along Moonee Moonee Creek. and in pockets in Wyrrabalong NP, etc.


Botanical Name

Acacia maidenii
Acacia prominens
Acmena smithii
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana
Backhousia myrtifolia
Breynia oblongifolia
Cissus antarctica
Cissus hypoglauca
Citriobatus pauciflorus
Cyathea leichhardtiana
Doryphora sassafras
Duboisia myoporoides
Endiandra sieberi
Eupomatia laurina
Ficus obliqua
Glochidion ferdinandi
Livistona australis
Myoporum acuminatum
Notelaea longifolia
Omalanthus populifolius
Pittosporum revolutum
Platycerium bifurcatum
Rubus hillii
Sloanea australis
Smilax australis
Smilax glyciphylla
Solanum aviculare
Synoum glandulosum
Syzygium australe
Syzygium paniculatum *
Tasmannia insipida
Toona ciliata *

 


Common Name

Maiden's Wattle
Gosford Wattle
Lilly Pilly
Bangalow Palm
Grey Myrtle
Dwarf's Apples
Kangaroo Vine
Water Vine
Orange Thorn
Prickly Treefern
Sassafras
Corkwood
Corkwood
Bolwarra
Strangler Fig
Cheese Tree
Cabbage Tree Palm
Northern Boobialla
Mock Olive
Bleeding Heart
Rough-Fruit Pittosporum
Elkhorn
Broad-leaf Bramble
Maiden's Blush
Austral Sarsaparilla
Sweet Sarsaparilla
Kangaroo Apple
Scentless Rosewood
Lillypilly
Magenta Cherry
Pepper Bush
Red Cedar

 


Other Trees found nearby, in damp gullies and hillsides, include;

Botanical Name

Angophora floribunda
Eucalyptus deanei
Eucalyptus saligna

 


Common Name

Rough barked Apple
Mountain Blue Gum
Sydney Blue Gum

 

Rocky Creeks

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Flora found around creeks, waterfalls and ponds in the Sandstone areas such as Girrakool, Moonee Moonee Creek, Strickland SF and Somersby Falls.

Trees:

Botanical Name

Acacia elata
Callicoma serratifolia
Ceratopetalum apetalum
Tristania neriifolia
Tristaniopsis laurina
Lomatia myricoides

Others:

Austromyrtus tenuifolia
Baeckea linifolia
Bauera rubioides
Bursaria spinosa
Dracophyllum secundum
Grevillea shiressii *
Hibbertia dentata
Phebalium dentatum
Restio tetraphyllus ssp meiostachyus
Adiantum aethiopicum
Asplenium australasicum
Blechnum species
Calochlaena dubia
Doodia aspera
Sticherus flabellatus
Todea barbara

 


Trees:

Common Name

Cedar Wattle
Black "Wattle"
Coachwood
Water Gum
Water Gum
River Lomatia

Others:

Narrow-leaf Myrtle
Swamp Baeckea
River Rose
Blackthorn, Sweet Bursaria
~~~
~~~
Twining Guinea Flower
~~~
Tassel Cord Rush
Maidenhair Fern
Bird’s Nest Fern
Water Ferns
False Bracken
Common Rasp Fern
Shiny Fan Fern
King Fern

 

Swamps

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Flora of damp and swampy places in Sandstone heaths, such as hanging swamps, in Brisbane Water N.P. and Somersby, along the Great North Walk.

Botanical Name

Banksia robur
Blandfordia grandiflora
Caustis pentandra
Cyperus species
Epacris obtusifolia
Gahnia species
Gleichenia dicarpa
Hakea teretifolia
Juncus species
Leptospermum squarrosum
Melaleuca styphelioides
Melaleuca thymifolia
Sprengelia incarnata
Xyris species

 


Common Name

Swamp Banksia
Christmas Bells
Tall Sedge
Sedges
Swamp Heath
Saw-Sedges
Coral Fern
Dagger Hakea
Rushes
Pink Tea-tree
Prickly-leaf Paperbark
Thyme Honeymyrtle
~~~
Yellow Eye

 

Coastal Forests & Lakesides

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....such as The Red Gum Forest, North Wyrrabalong NP;

Botanical Name

Angophora costata
Banksia integrifolia
Casuarina glauca
Ficus coronata
Ficus fraseri *
Leptospermum laevigatum
Macrozamia communis
Acianthus fornicatus
Actinotus helianthi
Aotus ericoides
Brachyloma daphnoides
Correa reflexa
Dillwynia retorta
Dodonaea triquetra
Pultenaea flexilis
Ricinocarpos pinifolius
Styphelia viridis

 


Common Name

Sydney Red Gum
Coast Banksia
Swamp Oak
Sandpaper Fig
Sandpaper Fig
Coastal Tea-Tree
Burrawang
Pixie Orchid
Flannel Flower
Common Aotus
Daphne Heath
Native Fuchsia
"Bacon & Eggs"
Hop Bush
Graceful Bush-Pea
Wedding Bush
Green Five-Corners

 

Waterfronts

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Close to the edges of Freshwater Lakes, like Tuggerah Lakes, and Colongra Wetlands, on Lake Munmorah, as well as overlooking saltier areas, one finds trees such as:

Botanical Name

Eucalyptus robusta
Eucalyptus botryoides
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Melaleuca styphelioides
Melaleuca biconvexa *

 


Common Name

Swamp Mahogany
Bangalay
Broad-leaf Paperbark
Prickly-leaf Paperbark
~~~

Foreshores of Brisbane Waters

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.....such as Cockle Bay, Davistown Waterfront, etc.

Botanical Name

Avicennia marina
Aegiceras corniculatum
Cakile edentula
Carpobrotus glaucescens
Casuarina glauca
Cyperus species
Enchylaena tomentosa
Ficus rubiginosa
Isolepis nodosa
Juncus species
Melaleuca ericifolia
Melaleuca nodosa
Scaevola calendulacea
Suaeda australis
Tetragonia tetragonioides

 


Common Name

Grey Mangrove
River Mangrove
Sea Rocket
Pig Face
Swamp Oak
Sedges
Ruby Saltbush
Port Jackson Fig
Knobby Club-Rush
Rushes
Swamp Paperbark
Prickly-leaf Paperbark
Dune Fan Flower
Seablite
Warrigal Cabbage

 

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