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Fact Sheet 12
Suitable for the Central Coast
Growing trees in your
garden will add beauty and character. A good choice will give you a lifetime of enjoyment.
Trees are an important part of the visual landscape of your neighbourhood.
A wide variety of trees are
available to suit every property size.
Select carefully, as trees should
be allowed to grow to their full potential without ugly lopping and trimming.
Nurseries now stock a range of
dwarf forms suitable for growing in small areas or containers.
Rainforest trees are becoming
popular in the garden because they grow smaller and more compact than the giants we see in
the rainforest. They offer good shade, attractive flowers and fruits and colourful new
growth. However, they do like the deeper, rich soils of the valleys for best results.
Eucalypts are an essential part of
the Australian scene. Unfortunately, changed growing conditions have unfairly earned them
a doubtful reputation. A tree that has developed in a forest, and then is suddenly exposed
by clearing, may be more susceptible to wind damage or branch failure. When clearing,
retain trees in groups where possible.
Trees will provide -
shade & shelter for recreation,
privacy screens and wind
part of the natural ecology that
reduces the need for chemical control by attracting birds and other wildlife which feed on
the unwanted pests,
homes for wildlife- old trees that
have developed hollows are extremely important for nesting birds and animals and should be
kept if possible.
- Gardeners who live on the sandstone ridge
tops will have much different soil conditions from those on the slopes and in the valleys.
These sandstone soils can be quite
shallow, dry and open to strong winds.
A well mulched garden with plenty
of added compost will improve these soils.
- Lower growing species such as
mallees, some hakeas and casuarinas will do best.
- Plants will benefit from being
placed in groups, eg. Small trees with bushy shrubs.
Slopes and open
Usually these soils are deeper and
retain more moisture than the ridge tops and will support larger trees.
protection may be needed.
Valleys and sheltered slopes
Soils are moist, deeper and hold
They are home to the larger
eucalypts and rainforest trees.
to consider before making your selection
- Coastal areas are explained in Fact
Sheet 4 titled Coastal Plants.
Soil- enough area is
needed for the tree to develop a root system to support the tree of your choice.
Roots- check the
proximity to foundations, pathways and drainage systems. (See Fact Sheet No. 10)
Size- consider the potential height of a tree and plant it at
least that far away from any buildings e.g. a tree that grows to 10 metres needs to be
planted 10-20 metres away from any building.
roots and branches do not recognise man-made boundaries.
some fast growing trees can have a fairly short life span.
Mature size- Take
care not to over plant your garden with young trees without considering their mature size.
Choosing a plant
Choose a plant that is sturdy with
a straight stem, a good colour and is not showing signs of being root bound in the pot.
Smaller plants usually adapt to a
new site better than more mature plants.
State Forest Nurseries stock a
large range of local species.
It helps to note the type of trees
growing in your area that are looking strong and healthy.
Soil preparation and planting
- Good drainage is essential.
- Clay soils can be improved with added compost or one of the
commercial products that are available.
- Sandy soils will need added compost (well rotted) to retain the
- Dig the hole at least 3 times the width of the pot.
- Fill hole with water and allow to drain away. Slow draining means
more treatment is necessary.
- Before planting out, thoroughly wet the potted plant by placing it
in a bucket of water until the air bubbles have stopped.
- Finally, water the plant in well and mulch the surface keeping the
stem of the plant clear to prevent collar rot.
Caring for your trees
City Council and Wyong Shire Council
Check with your
local council before removing any branches or trees. However, you do not need permission
to remove a dead tree.
council will also provide you with a list of undesirable species, such as camphor laurel,
which may be removed without council permission.
- A light pruning when young will help to develop a good shape.
- Seasonal applications of an organic fertiliser will keep the tree
- Keep the grass at least 1 metre away from the tree trunk to avoid
grass cutter damage.
- Place a layer of mulch under the tree.
- Avoid soil compaction over roots, caused by foot or vehicle
traffic, as this can suffocate the tree.
- Avoid major changes to the natural water source. Altered drainage
works or a leaking pool could severely harm an established tree.
Fact Sheet 12 "Trees
Suitable for Central Coast" has four more pages containing a
wealth of information in table form.
Some of the plants
on the following tables may only be available
at specialist native nurseries.
Click on the table of your choice
Produced by the Australian
Plants Society, Central Coast Group in conjunction with
Gosford City Council and Wyong Shire Council.