Table of Contents

 Flora of Sandstone Heath and Woodlands

Coastal Woodland Heaths

Central Coast Rainforest

Rocky Creeks

Swamps

Coastal Forests

Waterfronts

Foreshores of Brisbane Waters

Flora of Sandstone Heath and Woodland                             Top

During late Winter, Bush tracks in the Sandstone country start to blaze with colour as heath plants start their early flowering, which continues through Spring.

In Brisbane Waters N.P., Girrakool, Warrah Reserve and Bouddi NP, along the coastal walks and on the Somersby Plateau, many of these can be seen flowering from early July:

Botanical Name

 

Common Name

   

Acacia longifolia

Sydney Wattle

   

Acacia decurrens

Green Wattle

   

Acacia suaveolens

Sweet Wattle

   

Boronia ledifolia

Sydney Boronia

   

Boronia pinnata

Pinnate Boronia

   

Dillwynia floribunda

Yellow Pea

   

Dillwynia retorta

“Bacon and Eggs”

   

Doryanthes excelsa

Gymea Lily

   

Epacris microphylla

Coral Heath

   

Epacris longiflora

Fuchsia Heath

   

Eriostemon australasius

Pink Wax Flower

   

Philotheca buxifolia ssp obovata

Wax Flower

   

Gompholobium grandiflorum

Golden Glory Pea

   

Hibbertia bracteata

Yellow Guinea Flower

   

Hovea linearis

Purple Pea

   

Pultenaea rosmarinifolia

Yellow Pea

   

Styphelia tubiflora

Red Five-Corners

   

Woollsia pungens

Snow Wreath

   


At any other times of the year, bush tracks can still reveal a wealth of interesting plants. Look for the following :

 

Trees

 

   

Botanical Name

 

Common Name

   

Angophora costata

Sydney Red Gum

   

Angophora hispida

Dwarf Apple

   

Allocasuarina distyla

Scrub She-Oak

   

Ceratopetalum gummiferum

Christmas Bush

   

Corymbia eximia

Yellow Bloodwood

   

Corymbia gummifera

Red Bloodwood

   

Eucalyptus haemastoma

Scribbly Gum

   

Eucalyptus pilularis

Blackbutt

   

Eucalyptus piperita

Sydney Peppermint

   

Eucalyptus punctata

Grey Gum

   

Exocarpus cupressiformis

Native Cherry

   

Syncarpia glomulifera

Turpentine

 

   

Other Shrubs of Sandstone Heath & Woodlands

Botanical Name

 

Common Name

 

   

Acacia linifolia

Flax Wattle

   

Acacia oxycedrus

Spike Wattle

   

Acacia terminalis

Sunshine Wattle

   

Acacia ulicifolia

Prickly Moses

   

Actinotus helianthi

Flannel Flower

   

Actinotus minor

Dwarf Flannel Flower

   

Amperea xiphoclada

Broom Spurge

   

Astrotricha floccosa

Flannel Leaf

   

Baeckea brevifolia

Heath Myrtle

   

Banksia ericifolia

Heath-leaf Banksia

   

Banksia oblongifolia

Fern-leaf Banksia

   

Banksia serrata

Old Man Banksia

   

Banksia spinulosa

Hairpin Banksia

   

Boronia anemonifolia

Sticky Boronia

   

Boronia serrulata

Native Rose

   

Bossiaea heterophylla

Variable Bossiaea

   

Bossiaea scolopendria

Leafless Bossiaea

   

Callistemon citrinus

Crimson Bottlebrush

   

Callistemon linearis

Narrow-leaf Bottlebrush

   

Comesperma ericinum

Heath Milkwort

   

Conospermum longifolium

Smoke Bush

   

Dampiera stricta

~~~

   

Darwinia fascicularis

~~~

   

Darwinia glaucophylla

(Prostrate)

   

Dianella longifolia

Flax Lily

   

Dodonaea camfieldii

Camfield’s Hop Bush

   

Dodonaea triquetra

Hop Bush

   

Drosera peltata

Sundew

   

Epacris pulchella

N.S.W. Coral Heath

   

Goodenia bellidifolia

Daisy-leaf Goodenia

   

Goodenia ovata

Hop Goodenia

   

Grevillea buxifolia

Grey Spider Flower

   

Grevillea sericea

Pink Spider Flower

   

Grevillea speciosa

Red Spider Flower

   

Hybanthus monopetalus

Ladies Slipper

   

Isopogon anemonifolius

Drum Sticks

   

Kunzea ambigua

Tick Bush

   

Kunzea capitata

Pink Buttons

   

Lambertia formosa

Mountain Devils

   

Leptospermum juniperinum

Prickly Tea-Tree

   

Leptospermum trinervium

Paperbark Tea-Tree

   

Leucopogon ericoides

Bearded Heath

   

Leucopogon microphyllus

Bearded Heath

   

Lomatia silaifolia

Wild Parsley

   

Macrozamia communis

Burrawang

   

Mirbelia rubiifolia

Red Mirbelia

   

Olax stricta

Olax

   

Patersonia sericea

Silky Purple Flag

   

Persoonia lanceolata

Lance-leaf Gee-Bung

   

Persoonia levis

Broad-leaf Gee-Bung

   

Petrophile pulchella

Cone Sticks

   

Pimelea linifolia

Rice Flower

   

Platysace linearifolia

Carrot Tops

   

Prostanthera junonis

Somersby Mint Bush

   

Prostanthera linearis

Narrow-leaf Mint Bush

   

Scaevola ramosissima

Fan Flower

   

Stylidium graminifolium

Trigger Plant

   

Telopea speciosissima

Waratah

   

Tetratheca species

Black Eyed Susan

   

Xanthorrhoea arborea

Grass Tree

   

Xylomelum pyriforme

Woody Pear

   

Zieria laevigata

 

~~~

   

Climbers & Twiners

 

   

Botanical Name

Common Name

   

Billardiera scandens

Dumplings, Apple Berry

   

Clematis aristata

Old Man’s Beard

   

Eustrephus latifolius

Wombat Berry

   

Glycine clandestina

Love Creeper

   

Hardenbergia violacea

False Sarsaparilla, Purple Twining Pea

   

Kennedia rubicunda

Dusky Coral Pea

   

Sedges & Rushes

     

Botanical Name

Common Name

   

Caustis flexuosa

Curly Sedge, Old Man’s Beard

   

Lomandra longifolia

Mat Rush

   

Lomandra obliqua

Fish Bones

   

Ferns of Sandstone Heath & Woodlands                                Top

Botanical Name

Common Name

   

Cheilanthes sieberi

 Mulga Fern

   

Lindsaea linearis

Screw Fern

   

Pteridium esculentum

Bracken Fern

   

 

Orchids

     

Botanical Name

Common Name

   

Acianthus fornicatus

Pixie Orchid

   

Caladenia caerulea

Blue Caladenia

   

Caladenia catenata

White Fingers

   

Calochilus campestris

Copper Beard

   

Cryptostylis subulata

Large Tongue Orchid

   

Cymbidium suave

Sweet Cymbidium

   

Dendrobium speciosum

Rock Orchid

   

Dipodium punctatum

Hyacinth Orchid

   

Glossodia minor

Small Wax Lip

   

Lyperanthus suaveolens

Brown Beaks

   

Pterostylis nutans

Nodding Greenhood

   

 Thelymitra ixioides

Spotted Sun Orchid

 

   

Coastal Woodlands

                                        Top

 

   


Some different species can be found along the coastal cliffs and exposed heathlands, and in the deep sandy soils behind, such as on the walks to Bombi Point in Bouddi NP, and Wybung Head in Munmorah SRA.

 

Botanical Name

Common Name

   

Acacia sophorae

Coast Wattle

   

Acacia quadrilateralis *

~~~

   

Allocasuarina littoralis

Black She-Oak

   

Allocasuarina torulosa

Forest Oak

   

Baeckea imbricata

~~~

   

Euromyrtus ramosissima

Rosy Heath-Myrtle

   

Banksia aemula

Wallum Banksia

   

Banksia integrifolia

Coastal Banksia

   

Boronia polygalifolia 

Milkwort Boronia

   

Callitris rhomboidea

Port Jackson Cypress

   

Casuarina glauca

Swamp oak

   

Cassytha pubescens

Devil’s Twine

   

Crowea saligna

~~~

   

Dianella caerulea

~~~

   

Hakea bakeriana

~~~

   

Hakea teretifolia

 

Dagger Hakea
   

Hibbertia dentata

 

Twining Guinea Flower
   

Indigofera australis

 

Austral Indigo
   

Leptospermum laevigatum

 

Coastal Tea-Tree
   

Podolobium ilicifolium

 

Holly-leaf Pea
   

Pratia purpurascens

White Root

   

Phebalium squamulosum

~~~

   

Prostanthera ovalifolia

~~~

   

Styphelia viridis

Green Five Corners

   

Viminaria juncea

Native Broom

   

Wahlenbergia communis

Bluebell

   

Westringia fruticosa

Coast Rosemary

 

   

Central Coast Rainforest

                                 Top

 

   

 

Flora of Rainforest and Gullies; plants seen in Rumbalara Reserve, Katandra Reserve (walks around Seymour’s Pond), Ourimbah State Forest, Strickland SF, Great North Walk along Moonee Moonee Creek. and in pockets in Wyrrabalong NP, etc.

Botanical Name

Common Name

   

Acacia maidenii

Maiden's Wattle

   

Acacia prominens

Gosford Wattle

   

Acmena smithii

Lilly Pilly

   

Archontophoenix cunninghamiana

Bangalow Palm

   

Backhousia myrtifolia

Grey Myrtle

   

Breynia oblongifolia

Dwarf's Apples

   

Cissus antarctica

Kangaroo Vine

   

Cissus hypoglauca

Water Vine

   

Citriobatus pauciflorus

Orange Thorn

   

Cyathea leichhardtiana

Prickly Treefern

   

Doryphora sassafras

Sassafras

   

Duboisia myoporoides

Corkwood

   

Endiandra sieberi

Corkwood

   

Eupomatia laurina

Bolwarra

   

Ficus obliqua

Strangler Fig

   

Glochidion ferdinandi

Cheese Tree

   

Livistona australis

Cabbage Tree Palm

   

Myoporum acuminatum

Northern Boobialla

   

Notelaea longifolia

Mock Olive

   

Omalanthus populifolius

Bleeding Heart

   

Pittosporum revolutum

Rough-Fruit Pittosporum

   

Platycerium bifurcatum

Elkhorn

   

Rubus moluccanus var. trilobus

Broad-leaf Bramble

   

Sloanea australis

Maiden's Blush

   

Smilax australis

Austral Sarsaparilla

   

Smilax glyciphylla

Sweet Sarsaparilla

   

Solanum aviculare

Kangaroo Apple

   

Synoum glandulosum

Scentless Rosewood

   

Syzygium australe

Lillypilly

   

Syzygium paniculatum *

Magenta Cherry

   

Tasmannia insipida

Pepper Bush

   

Toona ciliata *

Red Cedar

 

   


Other Trees found nearby, in damp gullies and hillsides, include;

Botanical Name

Common Name

   

Angophora floribunda

Rough barked Apple

   

Eucalyptus deanei

Mountain Blue Gum

   

 

Eucalyptus saligna

 

Sydney Blue Gum

 

   

Rocky Creeks

                                        Top

 

   


Flora found around creeks, waterfalls and ponds in the Sandstone areas such as Girrakool, Moonee Moonee Creek, Strickland SF and Somersby Falls.

Trees:

Botanical Name

Trees:

Common Name

   

Acacia elata

Cedar Wattle

   

Callicoma serratifolia

Black "Wattle"

   

Ceratopetalum apetalum

Coachwood

   

Tristania neriifolia

Water Gum

   

Tristaniopsis laurina

Water Gum

   

Lomatia myricoides

River Lomatia

   

Others:

Others:

   

Austromyrtus tenuifolia

Narrow-leaf Myrtle

   

Baeckea linifolia

Swamp Baeckea

   

Bauera rubioides

River Rose

   

Bursaria spinosa

Blackthorn, Sweet Bursaria

   

Dracophyllum secundum

~~~

   

Grevillea shiressii *

~~~

   

Hibbertia dentata

Twining Guinea Flower

   

Phebalium dentatum

~~~

   

Restio tetraphyllus ssp meiostachyus

Tassel Cord Rush

   

Adiantum aethiopicum

Maidenhair Fern

   

Asplenium australasicum

Bird’s Nest Fern

   

Blechnum species

Water Ferns

   

Calochlaena dubia

False Bracken

   

Doodia aspera

Common Rasp Fern

   

Sticherus flabellatus

Shiny Fan Fern

   

 Todea barbara

 

King Fern

   

Swamps

                                     Top

 

   


Flora of damp and swampy places in Sandstone heaths, such as hanging swamps, in Brisbane Water N.P. and Somersby, along the Great North Walk.

Botanical Name

Common Name

   

Banksia robur

Swamp Banksia

   

Blandfordia grandiflora

Christmas Bells

   

Caustis pentandra

Tall Sedge

   

Cyperus species

Sedges

   

Epacris obtusifolia

Swamp Heath

   

Gahnia species

Saw-Sedges

   

Gleichenia dicarpa

Coral Fern

   

Hakea teretifolia

Dagger Hakea

   

Juncus species

Rushes

   

Leptospermum squarrosum

Pink Tea-tree

   

Melaleuca styphelioides

Prickly-leaf Paperbark

   

Melaleuca thymifolia

Thyme Honeymyrtle

   

Sprengelia incarnata

~~~

   

 

Xyris species

Yellow Eye

 

   

Coastal Forests

                                          Top

 

   


....such as The Red Gum Forest, North Wyrrabalong NP;

Botanical Name

Common Name

   

Angophora costata

Sydney Red Gum

   

Banksia integrifolia

Coast Banksia

   

Casuarina glauca

Swamp Oak

   

Ficus coronata

Sandpaper Fig

   

Ficus fraseri

Sandpaper Fig

   

Leptospermum laevigatum

Coastal Tea-Tree

   

Macrozamia communis

Burrawang

   

Acianthus fornicatus

Pixie Orchid

   

Actinotus helianthi

Flannel Flower

   

Aotus ericoides

Common Aotus

   

Brachyloma daphnoides

Daphne Heath

   

Correa reflexa

Native Fuchsia

   

Dillwynia retorta

"Bacon & Eggs"

   

Dodonaea triquetra

Hop Bush

   

Pultenaea flexilis

Graceful Bush-Pea

   

Ricinocarpos pinifolius

Wedding Bush

   

Styphelia viridis

 

Green Five-Corners

 

   

Waterfronts

                                      Top

 

   


Close to the edges of Freshwater Lakes, like Tuggerah Lakes, and Colongra Wetlands, on Lake Munmorah, as well as overlooking saltier areas, one finds trees such as:

Botanical Name

Common Name

   

Eucalyptus robusta

Swamp Mahogany

   

Eucalyptus botryoides

Bangalay

   

Melaleuca quinquenervia

Broad-leaf Paperbark

   

Melaleuca styphelioides

Prickly-leaf Paperbark

   

Melaleuca biconvexa

~~~

   

Foreshores of Brisbane Waters

                                    Top

 

   

.....such as Cockle Bay, Davistown Waterfront, etc.

Botanical Name

Common Name

Description

Image

Avicennia marina

Grey Mangrove

   

Aegiceras corniculatum

River Mangrove

   

Cakile edentula

Sea Rocket

Family: Brassicaceae

Description: A spreading annual herb. A widespread naturalised native of N. America.
Leaves: Very variable. Often fleshy, bluish green, deeply lobed.
Flowers: Mauve or pink, small, terminal.
Flowering Time: Much of the year.
Fruit: Fleshy, swollen, pointed.
Habitat: Coastal sand dunes & sea shores.
Location: Putty Beach Little Beach Munmorah SCA
Waterfronts on Brisbane Water (eg Davistown)

 

Carpobrotus glaucescens

Pig Face

Family: Aizoaceae

Description: A creeper with salty edible leaves & fruit.
Leaves: Succulent, triangular in cross section.
Flowers: Bright pink, with yellow anthers.
Flowering Time: Much of the year.
Habitat: Sand dunes and exposed places by the sea.
Location: Maitland Bay Munmorah S.C.A. Patonga
Putty Beach Davistown, waterfronts on Brisbane Water.
Wyrrabalong N.P.

 

Casuarina glauca

Swamp Oak

   

Cyperus species

Sedges

   

Enchylaena tomentosa

Ruby Saltbush

   

Ficus rubiginosa

Port Jackson Fig

   

Isolepis nodosa

Knobby Club-Rush

   

Juncus species

Rushes

   

Melaleuca ericifolia

Swamp Paperbark

   

Melaleuca nodosa

Prickly-leaf Paperbark

Family: Myrtaceae

Description: A shrub to 6m. high, with papery bark.
Leaves: Narrow, stiff, sharply pointed.
Flowers: Creamy yellow, in round heads.
Flowering Time: Sept.-Nov.
Fruit: Forms rounded clusters of capsules.
Habitat: Coastal heath & headlands, & near marshy ground in forests.
Location: Warrah Res. B.W.N.P. Munmorah S.C.A. Wyrrabalong N.P.
Wyrrabalong N.P(N) Davistown Waterfront

 

Scaevola calendulacea

Dune Fan Flower

Family : Goodeniaceae

Description: A prostrate plant, often forming dense mats
Leaves: Thick, fleshy, spoon-shaped.
Flowers: Blue, fan-shaped, with yellow centres.
Flowering Time: Nov.—May
Habitat: Coastal dunes.
Location: Bouddi NP– Putty Beach Munmorah SCA
Davistown Waterfront Wyrrabalong N.P.(N)

 Scaevola calendulacea

Suaeda australis

Seablite

   

Tetragonia tetragonioides

Warrigal Cabbage